The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) invites you to learn more about the energy trends of certain industrial manufacturing sectors, including the opportunities and challenges for improved energy efficiency and clean energy use within these sectors. It is important to note that this report is an analytical document and does not convey agency decision. The report’s findings and policy options are based on the available data used in this analysis. EPA’s Sector Strategies Division commissioned this analysis to meet the following objectives:
For the purposes of this report "Environmentally Preferable Energy Outcomes" are achieved by reductions in energy-related air emissions through increased energy efficiency (which reduces fuel consumption and associated emissions) and/or transitioning to less emissions-intensive energy sources.
Assessing energy usage trends and associated air emission impacts, as well as the viability of specific energy efficiency and clean energy opportunities, the report envisions environmentally preferable outcomes. Identifying ways in which regulations and other barriers inhibit improved energy efficiency and clean energy investment, the report suggests policy options EPA could pursue to promote environmentally preferable energy outcomes.
The report details energy consumption trends and related air emissions from the following sectors, which together represent 85% of the industrial energy use in the United States:
For each sector, the report provides "base case" and "best case" energy scenarios and identifies opportunities for reduced energy-related emission in five areas:
The report identifies and analyzes four main barriers to implementing the key opportunities, providing specific sector examples of where these barriers inhibit progress:
The report suggests five policy options to promote discussion on ways to overcome identified regulatory barriers:
You can download individual sector chapters, or the full report below.
You will need the free Adobe Reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA's PDF page to learn more.
|Entire Report (PDF) (2MB, 204 pp)|
|Table of Contents, List of Figures, List of Acronyms, Acknowledgements (PDF) (259K, 9 pp)|
|Executive Summary (PDF) (268K, 9 pp)|
|1. Introduction (PDF) (256K, 8 pp)|
|2. Current Energy Consumption (PDF) (597K, 36 pp)|
|3. Current Energy Consumption (PDF) (210K, 5 pp)|
|3.1 Alumina and Aluminum (PDF) (292K, 10 pp)|
|3.2 Cement (PDF) (300K, 11 pp)|
|3.3 Chemical Manufacturing (PDF) (316K, 12 pp)|
|3.4 Food Manufacturing (PDF) (288K, 10 pp)|
|3.5 Forest Products (PDF) (356K, 16 pp)|
|3.6 Iron and Steel (PDF) (335K, 142 pp)|
|3.7 Metal Casting (PDF) (280K, 8 pp)|
|3.8 Metal Finishing (PDF) (266K, 8 pp)|
|3.9 Motor Vehicle Manufacturing (PDF) (267K, 8 pp)|
|3.10 Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing (PDF) (260K, 7 pp)|
|3.11 Petroleum Refining (PDF) (296K, 10 pp)|
|3.12 Shipbuilding and Ship Repair (PDF) (254K, 7 pp)|
|4. Barriers to Environmentally Preferable Energy Outcomes (PDF) (272K, 11 pp)|
|5. Policy Options (PDF) (277K, 10 pp)|
|Appendix A: Energy Projections (PDF) (277K, 9 pp)|
|References (PDF) (394K, 21 pp)|