Since 1852, Smith & Wesson has been associated with high-performance and high-precision firearms for safety, security and protection, as well as sport. To maintain efficient production speeds and keep up with customer demand, Smith & Wesson employs manufacturing processes that use approximately 30,000 gallons of machine lubricant oil per year, with 19,800 gallons recycled each year. Processing and recycling this oil became a significant burden, involving the excessive costs and inconvenience of third-party oil treatment processes.

Oil processing and recycling is an important part of numerous manufacturing processes, including those in the steel, molding, foundry, mining and power generation industries. The machines utilizing this lube and hydraulic oil require clean, dry oil for dependable operation. However, during use, oil becomes contaminated with process particulate and moisture – causing wear and tear on machinery, and potentially leading to machine failure. Processing contaminated oil so that it can be reused is a common solution, as it saves considerable costs over oil replacement.

As with many companies, when the contaminated lube oil began to interfere with machine operation, Smith & Wesson contracted with an outside service to filter, clean and dry the oil, removing all unnecessary moisture and contaminants. This oil processing and recycling program required Smith & Wesson to accumulate and store 1,500 gallons of used oil over a two-month period. The company then enlisted the help of a mobile processor to treat the oil at a cost of $4,375 every month. The total cost of this program was $52,500 annually – a lower cost per gallon than oil replacement would run, averaging $6 to $8 per gallon for mineral oil and up to $60 per gallon for synthetic oils. However, the still-significant expenses and inconvenience of using a third party led Smith & Wesson to pursue a new oil conditioning solution.

A New Filtration Solution
MSC Filtration Technologies, a Pentair Industrial distributor, introduced Smith & Wesson to the Driflex Oil Conditioning System, marking the beginning of a fast-tracked project with Henkel Chemical Management to evaluate the system. The Driflex system is designed to remove all free, emulsified and dissolved water from oil in batches of all sizes. The system initially appealed to Smith & Wesson from a convenience standpoint: The system would allow the company to process oil in their own facility, on their own schedule and in virtually any volume they wanted. In addition, keeping the oil processing in-house would eliminate the costs of clean-up services associated with off-site processors or third-party truck-mounted vacuum dehydrator systems. Not only did clean-up services cost tens of thousands of dollars, but they also carried the risk that the oil would be permanently damaged and lost during the clean-up process. Along with eliminating this risk and additional cost, the Driflex system would improve overall oil quality.

The Driflex Oil Conditioning System couples Pentair’s patented UltiDri membrane technology with high-efficiency filtration to cost-effectively remove known, harmful contaminants from vital lubrication and hydraulic fluids. The system operates by flowing contaminated oil through a particulate filtration stage, followed by a membrane filtration and an air drying process. The result: Both particulate and moisture are removed from the oil, and the oil is restored to optimum condition for reuse.

Smith & Wesson processes lube oil in 250 to 300 gallon totes, replacing two to three totes – or 500 to 900 gallons of oil – per week. To service the oil, the company selected a 4 gallon-per-minute Driflex Model DF-04L4CS400, selected to meet their volume and processing time requirements. A Driflex system of this size is capable of processing the company’s typical weekly volume of oil within a few days, with no outside schedules to accommodate or third-party expenses.

Solving Process Challenges
Despite the comprehensive capabilities and advantages the Driflex system offered, a few challenges remained. Unfiltered oil quality varies depending upon how many times it has been recycled in the past, as well as how much particulate and moisture it has accumulated over its service life. Smith & Wesson’s unfiltered oil presented a significant challenge, as it contained a fairly heavy load of fine metal casting and grinding dust: 350 milligrams per liter, with particles ranging in size from 2 to 10 microns. This contamination prevented the Driflex system from providing optimum oil conditioning. To handle this heightened contamination, a duplex, prefiltration housing unit – Pentair Industrial Model H8836 – containing 5-micron Triflex Mega Cartridges was installed to treat the oil before it entered the Driflex system. This cartridge prefiltration system successfully removed the fine particulate before oil conditioning took place, allowing the Driflex unit to effectively remove moisture during the conditioning process.

Another difficulty arose when a process accident during the test period introduced a great deal of water to the unfiltered oil. After this incident, the oil’s moisture content registered at 2 percent, which is 20 times higher than normal. Despite these unusual conditions, the Driflex Oil Conditioning System still delivered optimum results, simply taking several additional days to process the oil. Through continued recirculation, the oil was processed until the desired level of dryness was achieved, without interruption to Smith & Wesson’s operation or oil quality.

Overall Cost Savings
By employing the Driflex Oil Conditioning System in their operations, Smith & Wesson has significantly reduced their oil processing and recycling costs. After purchasing the Driflex system, the company received a return on their investment in only two months. The savings continue, as the system’s annual operating cost is $4,500 – compared to the $52,500 Smith & Wesson spent annually through an outside service.

An additional benefit of using the Driflex system is the ability for Smith & Wesson to recycle smaller batches of oil, which would have not been feasible to process though the prior solution. Small batches were often discarded, as their low volume prohibited them from being stored; it was cost-prohibitive to try to accumulate enough oil from these batches to warrant outside processing. Smith & Wesson can now process and reuse oil in batches of all sizes, with no valuable resources going to waste – the value of which is still to be realized.