Worm gearboxes are typically used as an inexpensive way to provide high, single-reduction gear ratios for machine drives and conveyors. These gearboxes are tolerant to start-and-stop operations and load variations, and are used with many types of food processing equipment. In mixers or packaging machinery, worm gearboxes are often buried inside the processing machinery. In conveyor drives, they are mounted overhead. Their inaccessibility makes it difficult to maintain and service them. The result is that often they are not well maintained, resulting in potential drive component damage and wear, and faulty motion control.

The main drive component of a worm gearbox is constructed of bronze. Extreme-pressure (EP) lubricant additives that would normally enhance the sliding friction properties of the gearbox can be corrosive to bronze. This bars the use of these helpful additives in the worm gear oil formulation. The result is worm gear oil with minimal additives, having to provide all lubrication properties through high-viscosity film strength.

Disposable Gearbox
Working in partnership with a lubricant manufacturer, gearbox manufacturers identified a synthetic polyalphaolefin (PAO) lubricant that has become a standard oil for worm gears. However, the inaccessibility of the gearboxes deterred proper maintenance of the systems. To simplify maintenance requirements, one gearbox manufacturer designed a disposable gearbox filled with the standard PAO oil. The design offered maintenance personnel at food processing plants the opportunity to forego oil changes or repairs. Designed for 2,000 hours of operation, the gearbox is simply thrown away after 12 weeks.

Long-Life Food-Grade Lubricant
The standard oil change interval on the mixers, packaging machinery and conveyors at a pizza crust manufacturing company was 2,000 hours. To improve gear lubrication and simplify maintenance, the plant switched to Molykote L-1146FG Synthetic Gear Oil, a Dow Corning product. Unlike oils made in conventional fractionation processes, the synthetic oil is made by combining smaller molecular building blocks to meet targeted performance specifications and to minimize impurities. The new oil contains a new-generation phosphorus anti-wear (AW) additive to reduce friction between the gears and extend service lifetime. The formulation is non-corrosive to the bronze drive components. What is more, it is a food-grade lubricant.

Using the new synthetic oil formulation, the standard oil change interval has now been extended to 9,000 hours, more than four times the design life of either the conventional lubricant products or the synthetic lubricant used as OEM fill for the throwaway gearbox design.

The pizza crust manufacturer can count on its machinery and conveyors to run for more than a year before scheduling replacement of the throwaway worm gearbox. Maintenance savings in time and equipment are high, since machine uptime has increased dramatically. The PAO synthetic oil gives excellent lubrication at high and low temperatures, reduced volatility and compatibility with equipment designed for use with mineral oils. It conforms to USDA listing requirements applicable to meat and poultry plants, and is qualified for direct food contact under FDA regulations.

Molykote L-1146FG synthetic gear oil maintained high lubricity even after extended exposure to the demands of the application. Friction within the gearbox was prevented to such an extent that the operating temperature during production dropped 11 degrees Celsius (20 degrees Fahrenheit).

Molykote L-1146FG synthetic gear oil offers a highly stable molecular structure. The result, when combined with the phosphorus AW additive, is a more stable lubricant that lasts longer.

Management at the pizza crust plant adopted a policy of using only food-grade synthetic PAO products for MRO needs. Although in many cases these products exceed the unit cost of the conventional mineral oils they replace, their superior performance more than makes up for the difference. Standardizing on food-grade products eliminates the possibility that plant workers will confuse one type of oil with another.

In summation, the benefits to the manufacturer were:

  • Better lubrication – food-grade gearbox oil is cool-running with high lubricity
  • Better equipment performance
  • Fewer maintenance problems
  • Competitive advantage
  • Reduced energy consumption

For more information, visit www.dowcorning.com.